Md. Obydullah Howdy, I am Md. Obydullah from Bangladesh. I love to write the article which will help others. It's my passion.

Task Scheduling with Cron Job in Laravel

Published on May 30, 2019 1 min read

In this tutorial, we are going to do task scheduling cronjob in Laravel.

Table of Contents

  1. Create a Command
  2. Register Command on Task Scheduler
  3. Run the Scheduler
  4. Register Cron on Server

Step 1 : Create a Command

At first, we need to create a custom command that will execute with task scheduling cron job. Let’s create this by typing this artisan command:

php artisan make:command CronTest

Go to app>Console>Commands and open CronTest.php file. We have to set $signature and the scheduled task will be in handle() method.

CronTest.php
<?php

namespace App\Console\Commands;

use Illuminate\Console\Command;

class CronTest extends Command
{
    /**
     * The name and signature of the console command.
     *
     * @var string
     */
    protected $signature = 'test:cron';

    /**
     * The console command description.
     *
     * @var string
     */
    protected $description = 'Command description';

    /**
     * Create a new command instance.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function __construct()
    {
        parent::__construct();
    }

    /**
     * Execute the console command.
     *
     * @return mixed
     */
    public function handle()
    {
        /*
           Write your database logic here:
        */

        \Log::info("Cron is working.");
    }
}

Step 2 : Register Command on Task Scheduler

Open app>Console>Kernel.php and on the schedule() function, let’s register our custom command. We need our custom command’s signature. Here’s the example:

Kernel.php
<?php

namespace App\Console;

use Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Console\Kernel as ConsoleKernel;

class Kernel extends ConsoleKernel
{
    /**
     * The Artisan commands provided by your application.
     *
     * @var array
     */
    protected $commands = [
        Commands\CronTest::class,
    ];

    /**
     * Define the application's command schedule.
     *
     * @param \Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule $schedule
     * @return void
     */
    protected function schedule(Schedule $schedule)
    {
        $schedule->command('test:cron')->everyMinute();
    }

    /**
     * Register the commands for the application.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    protected function commands()
    {
        $this->load(__DIR__ . '/Commands');

        require base_path('routes/console.php');
    }
}

Here, everyMinute() will run the task every minute. You can get more schedule frequencies from Laravel Task Scheduling page.

Step 3 : Run the Scheduler

We are ready to run the cron job. Let’s run by entering this command:

php artisan schedule:run

Now go to storage/logs folder and you will find a file like “laravel-2019-05-30.log“. Open the file and you can see like:

[2019-05-30 16:46:29] local.INFO: Cron is working.

Step 4 : Register Cron on Server

We have checked that our cron job is working. After publishing the project, you need to register the cron job in the server’s crontab file.

Here’s the example of registering cron job in the server:

* * * * * cd /your-project-path && php artisan schedule:run >> /dev/null 2>&1 The tutorial is over. Thank you. 🙂

Md. Obydullah Howdy, I am Md. Obydullah from Bangladesh. I love to write the article which will help others. It's my passion.

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