Laravel 8.x CRUD (Create Read Update Delete) From Scratch

Published on September 9, 2020 5 min read

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Today I’m going to show the CRUD operations for Laravel 8.x. It is a simple Laravel CRUD project for beginners. I’m testing on Laravel 8.0. Let’s have a look at the output of this project:

Table of Contents

  1. Install Laravel and Basic Configurations
  2. Create Table
  3. Create Controller and Model
  4. Setup Resource Route
  5. Create Blade Template and Files
  6. Run Project & Test

Install Laravel and Basic Configurations

Each Laravel project needs this thing. That’s why I have written an article on this topic. Please see this part from here: Install Laravel and Basic Configurations.

Create Table

We are going to add “products” table. Run this command to create the products migration file:

php artisan make:migration create_products_table --create=products

Navigate to database/migrations and you will see the migration file for creating products table. Open the file and update the up() function like this:

create_products_table.php
public function up()
{
    Schema::create('products', function (Blueprint $table) {
        $table->bigIncrements('id');
        $table->string('name');
        $table->string('price');
        $table->text('detail');
        $table->timestamps();
    });
}

Let’s migrate the migration file using this command:

php artisan migrate

Create Controller and Model

Our table is ready. Now we are going to create a controller named ‘ProductController‘ and a model named ‘Product ‘. Run this command to create both the controller and the model:

php artisan make:controller ProductController --resource --model=Product

Open the Product.php file from app/Models folder. We will add product name, price and details fields in $fillable array like this:

Product.php
<?php
  
namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class Product extends Model
{
    use HasFactory;

    protected $fillable = [
        'name', 'price', 'detail'
    ];
}

In this step, we will write CRUD operations in the ProductController. Open ProductController from app/Http/Controllers directory. You can see 7 functions which are empty. Remove all codes and paste this code to the ProductController file:

ProductController.php
<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use App\Models\Product;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;

class ProductController extends Controller
{
    /**
     * Display a listing of the resource.
     */
    public function index()
    {
        $products = Product::latest()->paginate(5);

        return view('products.index',compact('products'))
            ->with('i', (request()->input('page', 1) - 1) * 5);
    }

    /**
     * Show the form for creating a new resource.
     */
    public function create()
    {
        return view('products.create');
    }

    /**
     * Store a newly created resource in storage.
     */
    public function store(Request $request)
    {
        $request->validate([
            'name' => 'required',
            'price' => 'required',
            'detail' => 'required',
        ]);

        Product::create($request->all());

        return redirect()->route('products.index')
            ->with('success','Product created successfully.');
    }

    /**
     * Display the specified resource.
     */
    public function show(Product $product)
    {
        return view('products.show',compact('product'));
    }

    /**
     * Show the form for editing the specified resource.
     */
    public function edit(Product $product)
    {
        return view('products.edit',compact('product'));
    }

    /**
     * Update the specified resource in storage.
     */
    public function update(Request $request, Product $product)
    {
        $request->validate([
            'name' => 'required',
            'price' => 'required',
            'detail' => 'required',
        ]);

        $product->update($request->all());

        return redirect()->route('products.index')
            ->with('success','Product updated successfully');
    }

    /**
     * Remove the specified resource from storage.
     */
    public function destroy(Product $product)
    {
        $product->delete();

        return redirect()->route('products.index')
            ->with('success','Product deleted successfully');
    }
}

Setup Resource Route

Open web.php from routes folder. Let’s create a resource route called products for the ProductController.

web.php
use App\Http\Controllers\ProductController;

Route::resource('products',ProductController::class);

Create Blade Template and Files

Go to resources/views directory and make a folder named ‘products‘. Now go to the resources/views/products folder.

We are going to create 5 files here. Just create these files and copy-paste the codes:

layout.blade.php
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Laravel 8.x CRUD from Scratch</title>
    <link href="{{ asset('css/app.css') }}" rel="stylesheet">
</head>
<body>

<div class="container">

    <div class="text-center" style="margin: 50px 0 50px 0;"><a href="{{url("products")}}"><img
                src="{{asset("logo.png")}}" alt="Logo"></a><br>Laravel 8.x  CRUD from Scratch
    </div>

    @yield('content')
</div>

</body>
</html>
index.blade.php
@extends('products.layout')

@section('content')
    <div class="row" style="margin-bottom: 20px;">
        <div class="col-lg-12 margin-tb">
            <div class="pull-left">
                <h3>Products</h3>
            </div>
            <div class="pull-right">
                <a class="btn btn-success" href="{{ route('products.create') }}">Add Product</a>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>

    @if ($message = Session::get('success'))
        <div class="alert alert-success">
            <p>{{ $message }}</p>
        </div>
    @endif

    <table class="table table-bordered">
        <tr>
            <th>ID</th>
            <th>Name</th>
            <th>Price</th>
            <th>Details</th>
            <th width="280px">Actions</th>
        </tr>
        @foreach ($products as $product)
            <tr>
                <td>{{ $product->id }}</td>
                <td>{{ $product->name }}</td>
                <td>{{ $product->price }}</td>
                <td>{{ $product->detail }}</td>
                <td>
                    <form action="{{ route('products.destroy',$product->id) }}" method="POST">

                        <a class="btn btn-info" href="{{ route('products.show',$product->id) }}">Show</a>

                        <a class="btn btn-primary" href="{{ route('products.edit',$product->id) }}">Edit</a>

                        @csrf
                        @method('DELETE')

                        <button type="submit" class="btn btn-danger">Delete</button>
                    </form>
                </td>
            </tr>
        @endforeach
    </table>

    {!! $products->links() !!}

@endsection
create.blade.php
@extends('products.layout')

@section('content')
    <div class="row" style="margin-bottom: 20px;">
        <div class="col-lg-12 margin-tb">
            <div class="pull-left">
                <h3>Add Product</h3>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>

    @if ($errors->any())
        <div class="alert alert-danger">
            <strong>Whoops!</strong> There were some problems with your input.<br><br>
            <ul>
                @foreach ($errors->all() as $error)
                    <li>{{ $error }}</li>
                @endforeach
            </ul>
        </div>
    @endif

    <form action="{{ route('products.store') }}" method="POST">
        @csrf

        <div class="row">
            <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <strong>Name:</strong>
                    <input type="text" name="name" class="form-control">
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <strong>Price:</strong>
                    <input type="text" name="price" class="form-control">
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <strong>Detail:</strong>
                    <textarea class="form-control" style="height:150px" name="detail"></textarea>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12 text-center">
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-success">Add Product</button>
            </div>
        </div>

    </form>
@endsection
edit.blade.php
@extends('products.layout')

@section('content')
    <div class="row" style="margin-bottom: 20px;">
        <div class="col-lg-12 margin-tb">
            <div class="pull-left">
                <h3>Edit Product</h3>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>

    @if ($errors->any())
        <div class="alert alert-danger">
            <strong>Whoops!</strong> There were some problems with your input.<br><br>
            <ul>
                @foreach ($errors->all() as $error)
                    <li>{{ $error }}</li>
                @endforeach
            </ul>
        </div>
    @endif

    <form action="{{ route('products.update',$product->id) }}" method="POST">
        @csrf
        @method('PUT')

        <div class="row">
            <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <strong>Name:</strong>
                    <input type="text" name="name" value="{{ $product->name }}" class="form-control">
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <strong>Price:</strong>
                    <input type="text" name="price" value="{{ $product->price }}" class="form-control">
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <strong>Detail:</strong>
                    <textarea class="form-control" style="height:150px" name="detail">{{ $product->detail }}</textarea>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12 text-center">
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-success">Update</button>
            </div>
        </div>

    </form>
@endsection
show.blade.php
@extends('products.layout')

@section('content')
    <div class="row" style="margin-bottom: 20px;">
        <div class="col-lg-12 margin-tb">
            <div class="pull-left">
                <h3>Show Product</h3>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>

    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
            <div class="form-group">
                <strong>Name:</strong>
                {{ $product->name }}
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
            <div class="form-group">
                <strong>Price:</strong>
                {{ $product->price }}
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
            <div class="form-group">
                <strong>Details:</strong>
                {{ $product->detail }}
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
@endsection

Run Project & Test

We have completed all the necessary steps. Our Laravel CRUD application is ready. Let’s run our application:

php artisan serve

Now visit project URL from browser and test:

http://localhost:8000/products
The tutorial is over. You can download this project from GitHub. Thank you. 🙂

Author

Hey, I'm Md Obydullah. I build open-source projects and write on Laravel, Linux server, modern JavaScript and more on web development.

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